Hegel's Theory of Mental Activity

(Originally copyright Cornell University Press, 1988; Cornell kindly gave me back the copyright when the book went out of print, which change has been duly registered with the Copyright Office. So it is now copyright Willem A. deVries. The files contained here are graphical reproductions of the original text with an invisible text overlay, so they reproduce the look and pagination of the original, but can also be searched using Acrobat's find function. My grateful thanks to Stephen Butterfill for scanning the book and putting it into PDF format.)

Opening Material

Preface xi
A Note on the Texts xvii
The Structure of Subjective Spirit xxi

1 Science,Teleology,and Interpretation 1

Physicalism and Causalism 1
Our Relationship to Nature 4
    Two Approaches to Nature 4
    Objective Purpose 7
Universal Purpose 10
The Need for Philosophy 13

2 Hegel's Reconception of the Philosophy of Mind 18

Philosophical Psychology: Hegel's Predecessors 18
    Against Rational Psychology 19
    Against Empiricist Psychology 22
Philosophical Psychology: Hegel's Methodology 24
    From Soul to Spirit 25
    Subjective Spirit 26
    Philosophy and Psychology 28
The Philosophy of Spirit 31

3 Nature and Spirit 33

Metaphysics and the Structure of the Sciences 33
    The Languages of Nature and Spirit 35
    Hegel as a Weak Monist 41
Distinguishing Nature and Spirit 46
    Externality and Self-determination 46
    The Nature of Spirit 49

4 Sensation: Mind's Material 53

The Sentient and the Nonsentient 54
    The Nature of the Animal Organism 55
    The Sentient Organism 56
The Object of Sensation 60
    Inner and Outer Sense 61
    Mediate and Immediate Objects of Sense 63
Sensation as Noncognitive 67

5 Feeling 71

The Role of Feeling 72
Feeling and the Self 74
The Soul's Relation to Reality 78
The Liberation of the Soul 84

6 Phenomenology: The I Emerges 87

Consciousness and the I 89
    Does "I" Refer? 90
    The Sense of "I" 92
    The Reference of "I" 97
The Thinking Subject 99
    Universality and Self-relation 99
    Thinking as a Subject 104

7 Intuition 108

The Role of Intuition in the Psychology 108
Attention, Space, and Time 111
Intuition Proper 116

8 Representation and Recollection 119

The Role of Representation 119
Recollection 125

9 Imagination: Universality and Signification 135

Associative or Reproductive Imagination 135
Symbolic Imagination 141
Sign-making Imagination 143

10 Memory: Language as the Material of Thought 149

Signification and Language 149
The Stages of Memory 153
    Recollective Memory 153
    Reproductive Memory 154
    Mechanical Memory 157

11 Representing versus Thinking 164

Traditional Accounts of Thought 164
    The Classical and Symbolist Theories of Mind 164
    Problems with Symbolism 167
    Problems with the Classical Theory 169
    Problems with Representationalism 170
Hegel's Response to the Traditions 171
    The Active Concrete Universal 171
    The Rejection of Inspectivism 174

12 Thought 176

The Immediacy of Thought 176
The Nature of Thought 178
    The Formal Structure of Thought 179
        Concepts 179
        Judgments 180
        Inferences 190
    The Nature of Thinking Activity 195
The Transition to Practical Spirit 198
Conclusion 200

References 203

Index 207