1. evolution concepts
    1. genes
    2. genotype
    3. phenotype
    4. gene survival
      1. optimizing performance
        1. convergence
      2. encoding useful knowledge
      3. emergent characteristics
      4. behaviors relative to others behavior
        1. parasites
        2. predatory behavior
        3. altruistic behavior
        4. infantcide
        5. sexual selection
  2. Gould ch. 10 Retardation and neoteny in human evolution
    1. neoteny
  3. parallels in both morphology and behavior noted by many in early 1830s
  4. neoteny and fetalization
  5. Gould seeks to save Bolk's observations and fix his errors
    1. there is "no room for mosaic evolution in Bolk."
    2. we must seek the adaptive significance of retarded development. 364"
    3. primates are retarded in development relative to other mammals
    4. humans "should" require 21 months gestation!
      1. thus we see two separate forces:
    5. comparisons with other species
      1. a-most mammals brain formed at birth
      2. b-macaques are at 65% of final cranial capacity
      3. c-chimps at 40%
      4. d-fossil australopithecus at from 37% to 25%
      5. e-humans at 23% of final cranial capacity.
  6. Glossary of terms
  7. 1heterochrony1 ("different timing")
    1. a. retardation of features
      1. 1. paedomorphosis2 ("child form")
      2. 2. recapitulation3
    2. b. acceleration of features
      1. 1. paedomorphosis
      2. 2. recapitulation
  8. life-history strategies
    1. a. K-selection
    2. b. r-selection
  9. neoteny
  10. ontogeny
  11. phylogeny
  12. allometry
  13. convergence or analogy
  14. homology
  15. parallel evolution
  16. brachycephaly
  17. mosaic evolution
  18. synergy
  19. preadaptation (exaption)
  20. genetic bottleneck
  21. founder effects
  22. References