course calendar (up to exam 3, Friday, April 11)

Nearly all of your assignments will be given well in advance but on occasion new material comes along and I will give something not on this schedule. You should read the material on or before the dates shown on the schedule below-use the exam guides for specific details. Full references are given below; I have used abbreviations TA for Bryne (1995) and EHE for Jones et al (1992).

week 01 the primate family

Thinking Ape (TA) v-30

video "Life in the trees."

Pruess, T. (1995). Evolution and cognitive neuroscience. [only the Figure 81.2 and paragraphs below]

Info on the primate family in EHE: 1:33; Appendix 2 (p. 454-455)

week 02 evolution, anatomy: limbs, senses

on senses and limbs.

EHE 2.8 -2.9 locomotion pp.75-85

EHE 3.1 primate brains and senses; 3.2 the human brain, pp.109-123.

Limber, J. (1982). What accounts for our fascination with the language of apes? unpublished manuscript, Durham, NH. [Sample what the ancients thought; and especially read Descartes' ideas on differences between humans and brutes. Many today believe recent research on nonhuman primates has destroyed Descartes' argument--but has it??[1-26]]

week 03 evolution: history and theory

Greene, J. (1959). Death of Adam . Ames: Iowa State University Press. [Read about Lamarck, and others in ch.5, p.155-173. Then ch. 6 "Man's place in nature", pp.175-199 documenting how the knowledge of large apes grew in 18th and 19th century.][27-49]

Darwin, C. (1871/1981). The descent of Man, and selection in relation to sex (Photoreproduction of the 1871 edition ed.). Princeton: Princeton University Press. [Read ch. 1 "The evidence of the descent of Man from some Lower Form, pp.9-33; also ch. 2, "Comparison of mental powers...." pp.34-69. Note Darwin's use of primate anecdotes in his argument.][50-82]

EHE 6.6 Evolution of early humans, pp. 241-251.

week 04 evolution: brains, neoteny, heterochrony


Gould, S. J. (1977). Ontogeny and phylogeny . Cambridge: Harvard University Press. [Read ch.10 "Retardation and neoteny in human evolution", pp. 352-404. This is a complex chapter (see my notes) but it is very important. These ideas are fundamental to a plausible story of how all large apes might have a common ancestor].[83-109]

exam1, Friday, Feb. 14

Week 05 (2/17-21)

review brain and sensory systems

EHE on intelligence: pp. 111, 115-119, 341,

Harlow, H. F., &; Mears, C. (1979). The human model: primate perspectives . Washington, D. C.: Winston & Sons. [Read pp.1-29] [110-124]

TA ch. 3 "What is intelligence?" 31-44

TA ch. 4 "How animals learn" 45-53

TA ch. 5 "Why animals learn better in social groups." 54-63

TA ch. 6 Imitative behaviour of animals 64-79

week 06 (2/24-26)

EHE (development of modern human abilities)323-360, 371

Rumbaugh, D. M. (1990). Comparative psychology and the Great Apes: Their competence in learning, language, and numbers. The Psychological Record, 40, 15-39. [125-137]

Chevalier-Skolnikoff, S. (1977). A Piagetian model for describing and comparing socialization in monkey, ape, and human infants. [136-166]

EHE (diet) 41-74; 284-286; 443

Milton, K. (1988). Foraging behaviour and the evolution of primate intelligence. [167-177]

TA ch. 12 "Food for thought"

week 07 (3/05-07)

TA Ch. 7 Understanding how things work 83-99

TA ch. 8 Understanding minds

week 08 (3/10-14 ) exam 2, Monday, March 10

VIDEO (3/12): exerpts from R. C. Carpenter's 1930s Gibbon research

VIDEO (3/12-14): The new chimps (1995): good hunting scenes

TA ch. 9 What use is a theory of mind? 119-145

TA ch. 10 Planning and thinking ahead

Tomasello, M. (1994). The question of chimpanzee culture. [210-227]

Limber, J. (1977). Language in child and chimp? American Psychologist, 32, 280-295 [229-244]

week 09 spring break 3/17-21
week 10 (3/24-3/28)

EHE Review and read Part 3 The human brain and language. (pp. 107-141); also pp. 398-9 on Genes and language.

EHE on tools, mental abilities, throwing 9.3, 9.4, 9.5 (pp. 341-360)

Submit a Short list of possible paper topics due, 4/02--preferably by email,

Darwin, C. (1871/1981). The descent of Man, and selection in relation to sex (Photoreproduction of the 1871 edition ed.). Princeton: Princeton University Press. (review his notions of "mental powers" and language in chapter 2 [63-80]. Note his Lamarckian comments, e.g. p.54-63) [e.g. 73-77]

TA ch.11 "Apes and language"

Limber, J. (1982). What can chimps tell us about the origins of language. In S. Kuczaj (Ed.), Language Development: Volume 2 (pp. 429-446). Hillsdale, NJ: L. E. Erlbaum. (optional)

Goodall, J. (1986). The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior . Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. [Read 127-131 on chimps' "vocal repertoire."] [245-250]

Savage-Rumbaugh, E. S. (1990). Language Acquisition in a nonhuman species: Implications for the innateness debate. Developmental Psychobiology, 23, 599-620.

Gardner, R. A., Van Cantfort, T. E., & Gardner, B. T. (1992). Categorical replies to categorical questions by cross-fostered chimpanzees. American Journal of Psychology, 105, 27-57. (abstract only)

week 11 (3/31-4/04)

(review TA ch. 12 "Food for thought.")

TA ch. 13 "Machiavellian intelligence"

Povinelli, D. J. (1994). What chimpanzees (might) know about the mind. [423-438]

EHE on primate reproduction, sexual behavior, development: (Sections 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, 2.13, 10.6 (pp.425-6))

week 12 (4/07-09) exam 3 Friday, 4/11

EHE Part 4 Primate social organization. pp143-165.

Bard, K. (1995). Parenting in primates. In M. H. Bornstein (Eds.), Handbook of parenting: Biology and ecology of parenting (pp. 27-58). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Ackerman, S. (1987). American Scientist Interviews: Peter Ellison. American Scientist, 75, 622-627. [325-330]

Small, M. F. (1993). Female choices: Sexual behavior of female primates . Ithaca: Cornell University Press. [Read pp. 146-183; a summary of ch. 5 "Females just wanna have fun." and all of ch. 6. "Female choice and Primates" [360-378]

exam 3, Friday 4/11 on language, mind, sexual, social/reproductive behavior

week 13 4/14-4/18

Paper outline due 4/18 with at least two recent (1993-7) references.