Do not excessively quote Pinker; if you do feel it is important to use someone else’s words, give the page & chapter reference—or any other sources you quote.
If you discuss answers with your colleagues, again be sure to rephrase your own answers. I will notice and divide the grade accordingly.
You can use lists, graphics, and sketches but they must be embedded in an essay discussion. They would not count against your 1-2 page limits. You can also refer to other answers you wrote to avoid repeating the same information.
Your friend calls you in a panic. She has lucked out getting a job with ABC Marketing and has been given her first assignment about which she is clueless.
She is to develop a short 1-2 page research proposal to select a brand name for a new consumer product—a health drink similar to Gatorade and vitamin waters. Knowing you have studied Psychology of Language, she asks for your advice. And you agree to write a draft that covers the basic points of the project-finding the brand name and evaluating it on relevant criteria.
. You ask a few questions and find out the following,
1. the product will be sold internationally, primarily in the English speaking world..
2. It is hoped that both the ad and drink will have a mass audience.
3. Much of the expected audience may be bilingual.
Discuss the evolution and development of human language. Lay out a time frame for this event, marking it with known biological milestones and functional conjectures about necessary events for which we have little concrete information. Include in your essay some reference to the following topics and concepts.
A-the time frame in evolutionary perspective starting with bipedalism up through neanderthals, and early humans.)
B- brain and etymology other bio structures evolution in this time frame (e.g. size, lateralization, co-evolution with language, mosaic adjustments, new circuits, vocal tract….)
C- the one-origin theory and subsequent dialects
D- role of children in both evolution and language change
E- implications for mental/cognitive abilities homo Sapiens
The larynx is an ancient organ, perhaps originally evolved to close off and protect lungs in amphibians. It evolved over millions of years to become a very important element in animal communication and especially spoken human language .
a- Describe briefly how the modern larynx works.
b- In what two ways is the human larynx different from that of our cousins, the chimps?
c- In what ways (at least 2) does the larynx contribute to the operation of human speech. Use examples and consider how damage to the larynx might affect these functions. Think of what linguistic information it conveys.
d- And finally, what are some of the non-linguistic functions of the larynx. Think of what non-linguistic information it conveys.
What is “parsing?” Explain its role in sentence comprehension.
Suppose you hear the following: “The gift was too small for the little one year old girl.” Make a guess as to the nature of the gift and a guess about any problem and solution.
The Indo-European language family generally employs a set of cases. English, in its brief history has pretty much lost these cases. Briefly explain the role of grammatical cases and indicate where some relics of the case system might exist in modern English.
Pinker characterizes verbs as “despots” that demand certain structures in their sentences. Give an example of what he means by this.
What is it? Give example and a possible use.
What is a cognate in the history of language? Give examples from some Indo-European languages.
Explain, with an example; be sure to state the function of the clause.
What part of the basic speech apparatus controls airflow in and out of the nasal passage?