3


Social aspects of NHP and humans
primate family bush
brain size and group size
differences between physical and social objects

differences in human and apes social skills
natural communication systems
human language- lots of speculation
social priming--covers a lot of activities
similar among primates-mirror neurons, observational learning, social fascilitation
difference- explicit teaching (pedagogy) found in humans only?
"Pedagogy is, in its simplest form, a form of social learning that occurs via communication between two (or more) individuals, which has as its outcome the transfer of knowledge or skills."
All these elements, useful for any topic domain, are found only in humans, who come with a general purpose communication system.
evidence is piling up in favor of the idea that human language provides us with huge social and  cognitive advantages.  (recall Goodall's  comments in Language video.
Csibra G, & Gergely G (2011). Natural pedagogy as evolutionary adaptation. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 366 (1567), 1149-57 PMID: 21357237
joint attention
doubtful in NHPs
gaze triangle for humans
intentionality following in word learning (video)
theory of mind
cooperation
competition
males always compete for mates and  dominance
bonobos have reduced their competitiveness so that a female in alliance can lead.
aggression  Read notes.
mating and reproduction
mammalian growth development
primate reproductive cycles
sexual dimorphism-- reflects social organization
dispersal from natal (birth) group
types of mating systems--humans not naturally monogamous  (graphic overview of mating systems)
Sexual attractiveness (erotic imagery, pubertal eroticism)
See longer notes.
Female attractiveness may be indicated in terms of behaviors, appearance -- notably estrogen dependent sexual skin swellings in chimpanzees - - and possible olfactory cues.  Symmetry seems important in many species.
Male attractiveness involves appearance, rank, behaviors, and possible olfactory cues. Of course each species has its own "sexual or erotic imagery" characterizing desirable mates. There may be common themes indicating fertility and health including body symmetry and behaviors indicative of health.
hormones play significant roles
Mazur, A., & Booth, A. (2001). Testosterone and dominance in men. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 353-397.

Eens, M., Elsacker, L., Heistermann, M., & Sannen, A. (2004). Urinary testosterone metabolite levels and aggressive behaviors in male and female bonobos. Aggressive Behavior, 30(5), 425-434.
(Many recent papers on this topic.)
human birth is a social activity
case studies of male primate dominance
Baboon (not an ape) invader (Murder video)
Mr Kusasi
King of gorillas (Titus)
return to Gombe (Frodo's rise and fall)