essays for exam 2


essay questions

primate tool use  (see video, Gomez, and my 512 notes)

It is apparent that common chimps and some other non-human primates (NHP) use tools to a certain extent as evidenced in your readings and videos.  Write a 1-2 page essay that discusses each of the following 5 points, using  examples for each.

a- describe 3 distinctly different situations--different functions-- where chimps have been observed using tools in nature.  (DO NOT give 3 examples of using tools to obtain food; that is just one function of tools.)

b-  how does it appear that chimps become tool users?  THis is not asking where they get the tools but how they acquire the skills to use the tool functions in part a.

c- what specific adaptations seem to facilitate chimps' use of tools  (e.g. why chimps but not dogs....

d- what are two significant differences between non-human and human primates in tool use?

hints--mind tools, acquisition, modification and progress

e- Conclude your essay with a one or two sentence statement of the significance-- as  you see it-- of the  importance of tool use in both human and NHPs in their natural habitats.

on intelligence

Many psychologists have seen "trial and error" (T&E) as the engine of individual intelligence.

a- in the context of T&E processes, explain the idea of "behavioral repertoire" and how it relates to the probability and possibility of solving a problem. Connect this (behavioral repertoire) to Gomez' concept of "behavioral flexibility."

b- using two examples, explain how some aspect of "social priming" can greatly amplify the effectiveness of T&E processes.