Publications from the Grandy Lab

Book Chapters and Peer-Reviewed Publications:

Please note: copies of publications are for the author's use only.

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In Press

McDaniel, M.D., A.S. Grandy, L.K. Tiemann, and M.N. Weintraub. Eleven years of crop diversification alters decomposition dynamics of litter mixtures, in press, Ecosphere

Castle, S.C., D.R. Nemergut, A.S. Grandy, J.W. Leff, E.B. Graham, E. Hood, S.K. Schmidt, K. Wickings, C.C. Cleveland. Successional processes drive convergence of microbial communities, in press, Soil Biology & Biochemistry

Geyer, K.M., E. Kyker-Snowman, A.S. Grandy, and S.D. Frey. Microbial efficiency: Accounting for physiological, ecological, and time-dependent controls over the fate of metabolized organic matter, in press

Williams, A., D.A. Kane, P.M. Ewing, L.W. Atwood, A. Jilling, M. Li, Y. Lou, A.S. Davis, A.S. Grandy, S.C. Huerd, M.C. Hunter, R.T. Koide, D.A. Mortensen, R.G. Smith, S.S. Snapp, K.A. Spokas, A.C. Yannarell, and N.R. Jordan. Soil functional zone management: a vehicle for enhancing production and soil ecosystem services in row-crop agroecosystems, Frontiers in Plant Science, in press

Rinkes, Z.L., I. Bertrand, B.H.Z. Amin, A.S. Grandy, K. Wickings, and M.N. Weintraub. Nitrogen alters microbial enzyme dynamics but not lignin chemistry during maize decomposition, Biogeochemistry, in press


Diem, J.E., J. Hartter, J.D. Salerno, E. McIntyre, and A.S. Grandy. 2016. Comparison of measured multi-decadal rainfall variability with farmers’ perceptions of and responses to seasonal changes in western Uganda, Regional Environmental Change, DOI:10.1007/s10113-016-0943-1. [pdf]

Wickings, K.W., A.S. Grandy, and A.N. Kravchenko. 2016. Going with the flow: landscape position drives differences in microbial biomass and activity in conventional, low input, and organic agricultural systems in the Midwestern U.S., Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 218:1-10 [pdf]


Kallenbach, C.M., A.S. Grandy, S.D. Frey, and A.F. Diefendorf. Microbial physiology and necromass regulate agricultural soil carbon accumulation. 2015. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 9:279-290 (research featured in Our Changing Planet, US Global change Research Program annual report to Congress; Top-ranked SBB paper for social media; top-ten most downloaded paper) [pdf]

Tiemann, L.K., A.S. Grandy, E.E. Atkinson, E. Marin-Spiotta, and M.D. McDaniel. 2015. Crop rotational diversity enhances belowground communities and functions in an agroecosystem. Ecology Letters, 18:761-771. [pdf]

Kallenbach, C.M. and A.S. Grandy. 2015. Land use legacies regulate decomposition dynamics following bioenergy crop conversion. Global Change Biology-Bioenergy, 7:1232-1244. [pdf]

Tiemann, L., and A.S. Grandy. 2015. Mechanisms of soil C storage in bioenergy cropping systems. Global Change Biology-Bioenergy, 7:161-174. [pdf]

Wieder, W.R., A.S. Grandy, C.M. Kallenbach, P. G. Taylor, and G. B. Bonan. 2015. Representing life in the Earth system with soil microbial functional traits in the MIMICS model. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 8, 2011-2052. [pdf]

Ninh, H.T., A.S. Grandy, K. Wickings, S.S. Snapp, W. Kirk, and J. Hao. 2015. Organic amendment effects on potato productivity and quality are related to soil microbial activity. Plant & Soil, 386 (1-2):223-236. [pdf]

Paul, E.A., S. Kravchenko, A.S. Grandy and S. Morris. 2015. Soil Organic Matter Dynamics: Controls and Management for Sustainable Ecosystem Functioning (peer-reviewed book chapter). In: The Ecology of Agricultural Landscapes: Long-Term Research on the Path to Sustainability, S.K. Hamilton, J.E. Doll, G.P. Robertson (eds). Oxford University Press. [Oxford University Press]


Richter, D.deB, 7 coauthors, Grandy, A.S., and 11 coauthors. 2014. Evolution of Soil, Ecosystem, and Critical Zone Research at the USDA FS Calhoun Experimental Forest. In: USDA Forest Service Experimental Forests and Ranges: Research for the Long Term, D.C. Hayes, S.L. Stout, A.P. Hoover, and R.H. Crawford (eds). Springer Verlag, NY. [Springer] [Amazon]

Hale, I.L., W. Wollheim, R. Smith, H. Asbjornsen, A. Brito, K. Broders, A.S. Grandy, and R. Rowe. 2014. A scale-explicit framework for conceptualizing the environmental impacts of agricultural land use changes. Sustainability, 6: 8432-8451. [pdf]

McDaniel, M.D., A.S. Grandy, L.K. Tiemann, and M.N. Weintraub. 2014. Crop rotation complexity regulates the decomposition of high and low quality residues. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 78: 243-254. [pdf]

Wieder, W.R., A.S. Grandy, C.M. Kallenbach, and G.B. Bonan. 2014. Integrating microbial physiology and physiochemical principles in soils with the Microbial Mineral Carbon Stabilization (MIMICS) model. Biogeosciences Disucssions, 11: 1147-1185. [preprint]

S.D. Frey, S. Ollinger, K. Nadelhoffer, R. Bowden, E. Brzostek, A. Burton , B.A. Caldwell, S. Crow, C.L. Goodale, A.S. Grandy, A. Finzi, M.G. Kramer, K. Lajtha, J. LeMoine, M. Martin, W.H. McDowell, R. Minocha, J.J. Sadowsky, P.H. Templer, and K. Wickings. 2014. Chronic nitrogen additions suppress decomposition and sequester soil carbon in temperate forests. Biogeochemistry, 121(2): 305-316. [pdf]

Tiemann, L. and A.S. Grandy. 2014. Mechanisms of soil C storage in bioenergy cropping systems, Global Change Biology - Bioenergy. [pdf]

McDaniel, M., L. Tiemann, and A.S. Grandy. 2014. Does agricultural crop diversity enhance soil microbial biomass and organic matter dynamics? A meta-analysis. Ecological Applications 24:560–570. [pdf].

Marin-Spiotta, E., Chaopricha, N.T., Plante, A.F., Diefendorf, A.F., Mueller, C.W., Grandy, A.S., and J.A. Mason. 2014. Long-term stabilization of deep soil carbon by fire and burial during early Holocene climate change. Nature Geoscience 7: 428–432. [pdf]

Treat, C., Wollheim, W.; Varner, R., Grandy, A.S., Talbot, J., Frolking, S. 2014. Temperature and peat type control CO2 and CH4 production in Alaskan permafrost peats. Global Change Biology, 20(8): 2674-2686. [pdf]

Smith, R.G., A.S. Davis, N.R. Jordan, L.W. Atwood, A.B. Daly, A.S. Grandy, M.C. Hunter, R.T. Koide, D.A. Mortensen, P. Ewing, D. Kane, M. Li, Yi Lou, S.S. Snapp, K.A. Spokas, A.C. Yannarell. 2014. Structural equation modeling facilitates transdisciplinary research on agriculture and climate change. Crop Science 54(2): 475-483. [pdf]

Rinkes, Z.L., M.N. Weintraub, J.L. DeForest, A.S. Grandy, and D.L. Moorehead. 2014. Interactions between leaf litter quality, particle size, and microbial community during the earliest stage of decay, Biogeochemistry, 117:153–168. [pdf]


Rinkes, Z.L., R.L. Sinsabaugh, D.L. Moorhead, A.S. Grandy, and M.N. Weintraub. 2013. Field and lab conditions alter microbial enzyme and biomass dynamics driving decomposition of the same leaf litter, Frontiers in Microbiology, 4: 260. [pdf]

Lennon, J.T., S.K. Hamilton, M.E. Muscarella, A.S. Grandy, K. Wickings, and S.E. Jones. 2013. A source of terrestrial organic carbon to investigate the browning of aquatic ecosystems. PLoS ONE 8(10): e75771. [pdf]

Heckman, K.A., A. S. Grandy, G. Xiaodong, M. Keiluweit, K. Wickings, K. Carpenter, J. Chorover, C. Rasmussen. 2013. Sorptive fractionation of organic matter and formation of organohydroxy-aluminum complexes during litter biodegradation in the presence of gibbsite, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 121:667-683. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S., D.S. Salam, K. Wickings, M. McDaniel, S.W. Culman, S.S. Snapp. 2013. Soil Respiration and Litter Decomposition Responses to Nitrogen Fertilization Rate in No-till Corn Systems, Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment, 179:35-40. [pdf]

Wickings, K. and A.S. Grandy. 2013. Management intensity interacts with litter chemistry and climate to drive temporal patterns in arthropod communities during decomposition, Pedobiologia, 56:105-112. [pdf]


Wickings, K., A.S. Grandy, S. Reed, and C. Cleveland. 2012. The origin of litter chemical complexity during decomposition, Ecology Letters, 15:1180–1188. [pdf]

Phillips, R.P., I.C. Meier, E.S. Bernhardt, A.S. Grandy, K. Wickings, and A.C. Finzi. 2012. Roots and fungi promote soil carbon loss in forests exposed to elevated CO2, Ecology Letters, 15:1042-1049. [pdf]

Leff, J.W., W.R. Wieder, P.G. Taylor, A.R. Townsend, D.R. Nemergut, A.S. Grandy, C.C. Cleveland. 2012. Experimental litterfall manipulation drives large and rapid changes in soil carbon cycling in a wet tropical forest, Global Change Biology, 18:2969–2979. [pdf]

German, D.P., M.N. Weintraub, A.S. Grandy, C.L. Lauber, Z.L. Rinkes, and S.D. Allison. 2012. Response to Steen and Ziervogel’s comment on “Optimization of hydrolytic and oxidative enzyme methods to ecosystem studies” [Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 1387–1397]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 48:198-199. [pdf]

Culman, S.W., S.S. Snapp, M.E. Schipanski, M.A. Freeman, J. Beniston, L.E. Drinkwater, A.J. Franzluebbers, J.D. Glover, A.S. Grandy, R. Lal, J. Lee, J.E. Maul, S.B. Mirsky, J. Six, J.T. Spargo, M.M. Wander. 2012. Permanganate oxidizable carbon reflects a processed soil fraction that is sensitive to management, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 76:494-504. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S., J.M. Fraterrigo, S.A. Billings. 2012. Soil Ecosystem Resilience and Recovery, peer-reviewed book chapter, In. In Wall, D.H., Bardgett, R.D., Behan-Pelletier, V., Herrick, J.E., Jones, H., Ritz, K., Six, J., Strong, D.R., and van der Putten, W.H. (eds.) Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services. The Oxford Handbook of Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services. [book information]

Grandy, A.S., C. Kallenbach, T.D. Loecke, S. Snapp, and R. Smith. 2012. The Biological Basis for Nitrogen Management in Agroecosystems. In T. Cheeke, D. Coleman, and D. Wall (Eds.), Microbial Ecology in Sustainable Agroecosystems, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. Book information from CRC Press and


Kallenbach, C., and A.S. Grandy. 2011. Controls over soil microbial biomass responses to carbon amendments in agricultural systems: A meta-analysis, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 144:241–252. [pdf]

Leff, J.W., D.R. Nemergut, A.S. Grandy, S.P. O'Neil, K. Wickings, A.R. Townsend, and C.C. Cleveland. 2011. The effects of soil bacterial community structure on decomposition in a tropical rain forest, Ecosystems, 15:284-298. [pdf]

Richter, D.D. with 33 coauthors. 2011. Human-Soil Relations are Changing Rapidly: Proposals from SSSA's Working Group on Soil Change, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 75:2079-2084. [pdf]

Wickings, K., A.S. Grandy. 2011. The oribatid mite Scheloribates moestus (Acari: Oribatida) alters litter chemistry and nutrient cycling during decomposition, Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43:351-358. [pdf]

Wickings, K., A.S. Grandy, S. Reed, C. Cleveland. 2011. Management intensity alters decomposition via biological pathways, Biogeochemistry, 104:365-379. [pdf]

German, D.P., M.N. Weintraub, A.S. Grandy, C.L. Lauber, Z.L. Rinkes, S.D. Allsion. 2011. Optimization of hydrolytic and oxidative enzyme methods for ecosystem studies, Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43:1387-1397. [pdf]


Grandy, A.S. 2010. Borderlands Soil Carbon Cycling. A Review of 'Soil Carbon Dynamics: An Integrated Methodology', edited by Werner L. Kutsch, Michael Bahn, and Andreas Heinemeyer. Quarterly Review of Biology, 86:41-42. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S., S. Billings, and D. Richter. 2010. Peer-reviewed guest editorial: Saving our soils. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, 8:171. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S. and N.N. Barger. 2010. Implementing Active Learning Strategies: Tales from Two New Life Science Professors at Research Universities. Academic Leadership Online, April 19, 2010. [pdf or webpage]


Ostrom, N.E., R. Sutka, P.H. Ostrom, A.S. Grandy, K.M. Huizinga, H. Gandhi, A. Pitt, J.C. von Fischer, G.P. Robertson. 2009. Isotopologue data reveal denitrification as the primary source of N2O upon cultivation of a native temperate grassland. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 42: 499-506. [pdf]

Fierer*, N., A.S. Grandy*, J. Six, and E.A. Paul. 2009. Searching for unifying principles in soil ecology. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 41:2249-2256 (*authors contributed equally to work). [pdf]

Grandy, A.S., M.S. Strickland, C.L. Lauber, M.A. Bradford, and N. Fierer. 2009. The influence of microbial communities, management, and soil texture on soil organic matter chemistry. Geoderma, 150:278-286. [pdf]


Grandy, A.S., R.L. Sinsabaugh, J.C. Neff, M. Stursova, and D.R. Zak. 2008. Nitrogen deposition effects on soil organic matter chemistry are linked to variation in enzymes, ecosystems and size fractions. Biogeochemistry, 91:37-49. [pdf]

Schmidt, S.K., S.C. Reed, D.R. Nemergut, A.S. Grandy, C.C. Cleveland, M.N. Weintraub, A.W. Hill, E.K. Costello, A.F. Meyer, A.M. Martin, and J.C. Neff. 2008. The earliest stages of microbial ecosystem succession in high-elevation, recently deglaciated soils. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 10.1098/rspb.2008.0808. [pdf]

Smith, R.G., C.P. McSwiney, A.S. Grandy, P. Suwanwaree, R.M. Snider, and G.P. Robertson. 2008. Diversity and abundance of earthworms across an agricultural land-use intensity gradient. Soil and Tillage Research, 100:83-88. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S. and J.C. Neff. 2008. Molecular soil C dynamics downstream: The biochemical decomposition sequence and its effects on soil organic matter structure and function. Science of the Total Environment, 404:297-307. [pdf]


Grandy, A.S., J.C. Neff, and M.N. Weintraub. 2007. Carbon structure and enzyme activities in alpine and forest ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39:2701-2711. [pdf]

Ostrom, N.E., A. Pitt, R. Sutka, P.H. Ostrom, A.S. Grandy, K.M. Huizinga, and G.P. Robertson. 2007. Isotopomer Effects During N2O Reduction in Soils and in Pure Cultures of Denitrifiers. Journal of Geophysical Research & Biogeosciences, 112 (G2): Art. No. G02005. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S. and G.P. Robertson. 2007. Land use intensity effects on soil C accumulation rates and mechanisms. Ecosystems 10:59-74. [pdf]


Grandy, A.S., G.P. Robertson, and K.D. Thelen. 2006. Do environmental and productivity tradeoffs justify periodically cultivating no-till cropping systems? Agronomy Journal, 98:1377-1383. (Selected as a Science in Action Press Release by ASA.) [pdf]

Grandy, A.S. and G.P. Robertson. 2006. Aggregation and organic matter protection following cultivation of an undisturbed soil profile. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70:1398-1406. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S. and G.P. Robertson. 2006. Initial cultivation of a temperate-region soil immediately accelerates aggregate turnover and CO2 and N2O fluxes. Global Change Biology, 12:1507-1520. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S., T.D. Loecke, S. Parr, and G.P. Robertson. 2006. Long-term trends in nitrous oxide emissions, soil nitrogen, and crop yields of till and no-till cropping systems. Journal of Environmental Quality, 35:1487-1495. [pdf]


Robertson, G.P. and A.S. Grandy. 2005. Soil system management in temperate regions. In N.T. Uphoff, ed. Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. Book information from CRC Press, Google books, and

Grandy, A.S., G.A. Porter and M.S. Erich. 2002. Organic amendment and rotation crop effects on the recovery of soil organic matter and aggregation in potato cropping systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66: 311-1319. [pdf]

Grandy, A.S., M.S. Erich and G.A. Porter. 2000. Suitability of the anthrone-sulfuric acid reagent for determining water soluble carbohydrates in soil water extracts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32:725-727. [pdf]